Monday, July 11, 2011

The Physical Appearance of Our Lord, Jesus Christ

Icon of Our Lord Jesus Christ 14th c. by Manuil Panselinos
Source


The Physical Appearance of Our Lord, Jesus Christ


By Pouplious Lantoulos & St. Nicodemos the Hagiorite
From Orthodox Heritage Periodical published by
The Orthodox Brotherhood of St Poimen
Copied with permission


Concerning the God-man, the Son and Logos of God, the Evangelists and Apostles wrote about His works in the world in the Divine Gospels. They recorded the accounts of His transfiguration, His crucifixion, His resurrection and His ascension up to heaven. But there were many other private individuals of that period, not followers of Christ, who wrote a more detailed account concerning the life of the Lord. One who wrote about the character, appearances, form and figure of Christ which is worthy of mention, is the Roman Pouplious Lantoulos, who lived during the days of our Lord, residing in Jerusalem at that time. He wrote a letter to the Roman senate which is as follows:

In those days there appeared a young man, who is still living, a youth that has great power and whose name is Jesus Christ. The populace calls Him a strong prophet and His disciples call Him, Son of God. He raised the dead to life; and cures the sick of every type of disease. The youth is tall but well proportioned. The countenance of His face is both serious and active, so that those who look at Him love Him, and yet in another way, they are afraid of Him. The hair on His head is the color of wine down to the beginning of His ears, lacking brilliance. It is smooth from the beginning of His ears to His shoulders, then twisted and brilliant from the shoulders down, where it hangs divided according to the custom of the Nazarenes. His forehead is smooth and clean, His face without blemish decorated with a light pink color. His appearance is polite and joyful, His nose and mouth are altogether blameless. His beard is thick being of the same color as His hair, and is also divided in two, while His eyes are blue and filled with extreme brilliance. When He scolds He is fearful; when He teaches and advises, He is attractive and beloved. Wonder is the grace of His face and dignified. Not once was He seen laughing, but He was often seen crying. According to the height of His body, His hands being very straight and His arms graceful, and according to His generation, He is the nicest of all men.

St. Nicodemos the Hagiorite, in "A Handbook of Spiritual Counsel, the Classics of Western Spirituality Proper Delights of the Mind”, addresses the great delight of envisioning the physical appearance of Christ.

Let me say this too. Even the mere envision of the physical appearance and the beauty of the divine face of Jesus brings inexpressible delight so that you will want to say enthusiastically: "You are all sweetness, O Savior; You are all desire and appeal; You are all insatiate; You are all beauty irresistible." Also you will want to say: "You have attracted me with desire, O Christ, and You have transfigured me with your divine love." Moreover, you will want to say with St. Paul: "Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?" (Rom. 8:35) Also you will want to ask the question of the bride: "Have you seen him whom my soul loves?" (Song of Solomon 3:3) And you will want to say many other words of love.

Think of those most pure eyes of Jesus, so calm, so sweet; the straightness of His nose; the somewhat chestnut-colored and at the same time golden hair and beard of His; His great and joyous forehead; the blended color of His calm and royal face; His fine, long fingers and his perfectly shaped hands; His moderate stature, and simply all of the other symmetry and grace, which shone in all His members. Jesus was so beautiful that, as Lantoulos, that officer who had seen the Lord with his own eyes in Jerusalem, wrote to the senate in Rome, there has never appeared on earth another person more beautiful than Jesus. Foreseeing this beauty, prophet David wrote: "You are the most beautiful of the sons of men" (Ps 45:2). Aquila rendered this line, "You are adorned with beauty by the sons of men." Symmachus rendered it,: "Among the sons of men You are good in beauty." The bride in the Song speaks lovingly to Him: "Behold, You are beautiful, my beloved, truly lovely (Song 1:16) This is why the people could not be satisfied when looking upon Him, nor did they want to take their attention away from Him.

St. John Chrysostom explaining this passage "When Jesus saw great crowds around Him" (Matt. 8:18), wrote: "The people were really attracted to Him and they loved Him and marveled at Him, desiring always to be looking upon Him. Who would want to leave while He was doing these marvelous deeds? Who would not want to simply get a glance at the face and the mouth that as saying such wonderful things? He was not so wonderful only when He was doing wonders, but even when He was just looked upon, simply He was just full of grace." This is what the prophet David meant when he said that He was the most beautiful among the sons of men.

Now if the physical body of sweetest Jesus was so beautiful then when He was bearing a corruptible body, how much more beautiful is it now that it has become incorruptible and glorified and His divine face is shining in heaven infinitely more brightly than the sun? This is why St. John Chrysostom has sought with his eloquent homilies to move us to do everything we can so that we may achieve and enjoy the most sweet vision of the glorified and most beautiful and most desired divine face of Jesus. For if one is to be deprived of the vision of that most beautiful and most desired face of Jesus, this is truly a worse calamity than a thousand hells. For as St. John Chrysostom wrote:

"Even if we experience a thousand hells, none of these will be anything like the experience of seeing the calm face of Jesus and His serene eyes turn away from us as being unable to endure looking upon us."




Christ at the Well (detail) - 14th c. Panselinos

7 comments:

  1. Your post made me cry, I was deeply moved by it.
    God Bless your work abundantly.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thank you Anne! I was very moved by the description of Jesus myself. There is nothing
    in this life or the next that I want, as intensely as I want, to see my Lord Jesus Christ.

    ReplyDelete
  3. The letter of Lentulus was certainly a piece among other reports about the events in Judaea made to the Emperor Tiberius. There can be no doubt that the report of Pilate existed. Justin Martyr and Tertullian are emphatic about their existence in the Roman archives. They have been destroyed by the persecuting Emperors. But the tradition persisted. I believe that the stories of the Acta Pilati were based on the "reconstruction" of the destroyed originals. I believe that the Shroud of the Christ was produced as evidence at the inquest ordered by Tiberius.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Seraphim:
    Thank you. Do you have the specific
    sources by book and page from Justin Martyr and Tertullian?

    David

    ReplyDelete
  5. Justin Martyr refers to the Actes of Pilate in his First Apology, 35 and 48.
    Tertullian in his Apology, c.5 and 21.
    The reference to the destruction of the original Acta and their replacement with forged Acta by Diocletian, at Eusebius, Historia Ecclesiastica, c.9.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Yes, the truth is that there have been other proofs of the history of the Church than just the Christian writings. Christianity was not that "obscure" sect, so obscure for a long while, that nobody cared to mention. The fact is that it had been declared "religio illicita" by Nero and remained as such until the Edict of Milan. The Apology of Justin Martyr was addressed to the Emperor Antoninus Pius asking to rescind the decrees. Tertullian's also.

    ReplyDelete

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